极速快3彩票

 

极速快3彩票

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以统战思维构建新时代中国特色社会主义宗教理论
2017-05-23 15:14  

 

【ZHAIYAO】XIJINPINGCONGDIFANGGONGZUOZHIDAODANRENZONGSHUJIHOUDEYIXILIEYOUGUANZONGJIAOWENTIHEZONGJIAOGONGZUODELUNSHU,SHIZHONGGUANCHUANZHETONGZHANLINIANHESIWEI。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNTEJIUTEZAITASHIDANGDETONGYIZHANXIANLILUNDEYOUJIZUCHENGBUFEN,LIANGZHEZHIJIANDENEIZAILIANXIZHUYAOTIXIANZAI: YITONGYIZHANXIANMUBIAOYAOQIUHEPINGPANBIAOZHUNMOUHUAZONGJIAOGONGZUO、YITONGYIZHANXIANLINIANHEFANGFAKAIZHANZONGJIAOGONGZUO、TONGYIZHANXIANWUDAGUANXIZHONGDEZONGJIAOGUANXIHEXIE、TONGYIZHANXIANLINGDAOQUANZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGRUHESHIXIANDENG。XIJINPINGSHOUCITICHUJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUN,ZHANGXIANLEZHIZHENGDANGDELINGDAOFANGSHIYUZHIZHENGFANGSHIDEYOUJIJIEHE,YIBANGONGGONGSHIWUYUTONGZHANGONGZUODEYOUJIJIEHE,GUOJIAZHILIYUTUANJIELIANHEDEYOUJIJIEHE。ZONGJIAOWENTIHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGDETONGZHANSIWEI,SHIWOGUOCHENGWEIQUANSHIJIECHULIZONGJIAOWENTIZUIWEICHENGGONGDEGUOJIADEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINHEJIBENJINGYAN,YEWEISHIJIETIGONGLECHULIHEJIEJUEGULAOERJISHOUDEZONGJIAOWENTIDEZHONGGUOFANGAN、ZHANGXIANLEZHONGGUOZHIHUI,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNDEYIGEZHONGYAOTEZHENGHEXIANZHUBIAOSHI。DANGQIAN,MIANDUIGUOJIGUONEIXINDEJIYUHETIAOZHAN,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOYAOSHULI“QING、LI、LI、WEN、FA”WUWEIYITIDETONGZHANSIWEI。JIAQIANGHEGAIJINDANGDUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODELINGDAO,JIUSHIYAOLAOGUSHULITONGZHANLINIAN,HUACHUZUIDATONGXINYUAN,GONGGUHEFAZHANDANGTONGZONGJIAOJIEDEAIGUOTONGYIZHANXIAN。

极速快3彩票【GUANJIANCI】XIJINPINGZONGJIAOWENTITONGZHANSIWEIXINSHIDAI

极速快3彩票【ZUOZHE】YANGWEIMIN(1965-),NAN,ZHEJIANGTAIZHOUREN,ZHONGGONGJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOFUXUNSHIYUAN。

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YI、ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNTEJIUTEZAITASHIDANGDETONGYIZHANXIANLILUNDEYOUJIZUCHENGBUFEN

1.XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYUZONGJIAOWENTIDELUNSHUJISHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNDEZONGJIAOPIAN,YESHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJITONGYIZHANXIANZHONGYAOSIXIANGDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。ZONGJIAOWENTISHISHIJIEXINGDEGULAOERFUZADEWENTI。ZONGJIAOXUESHIGEGULAODEXUEKE,MUQIANQUANSHIJIEYOUHENDUOJIGOUHEXUEZHE、JIAOZHIRENYUANYIJIZHENGFUGUANYUANZAIYANJIUTA。ZAIWOGUO,ZONGJIAOXUESHUYUGUOJIAYIJIXUEKE。HAOWUYIWEN,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOLILUNYINGSHIZONGJIAOXUEDEYIGEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。YUCITONGSHI,TONGYIZHANXIANSHIYIMENKEXUE,TONGYIZHANXIANLILUNZHENGZAIZHUBUZOUXIANGKEXUEHUA,DANMUQIANSHANGWEIZHENGSHINARUGUOMINJIAOYUTIXI,JINJINIANLAIHUSHENGJIAOGAODE“TONGZHANXUE”HAIMEIYOULIERUERJIXUEKEMULU。DANZHENGRUXIJINPINGZAI2015NIANZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGQIANGDIAODE“BIXUMINGQUE,MINZHUDANGPAIGONGZUO、MINZUGONGZUO、ZONGJIAOGONGZUO、DUITAIGONGZUO、QIAOWUGONGZUODOUSHITONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUO”。ZAIDANGQIANWOGUO,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNSHIDANGDETONGYIZHANXIANLILUNDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGGUANYUZONGJIAOWENTIHEZONGJIAOGONGZUODELUNSHU,JISHI“SIGEQUANMIAN”ZHANLVESIXIANGHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNDEZONGJIAOPIAN,YESHI“XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITONGYIZHANXIANZHONGYAOSIXIANG”DEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,WEIZUOHAOXINXINGSHIXIADEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG、TIGONGLEGENBENZUNXUN,KAICHUANGLEMAKESIZHUYIZONGJIAOGUANZHONGGUOHUA、SHIDAIHUADEXINJINGJIE。

极速快3彩票2.WOGUOZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEXINJIAOQUNZHONGGOUCHENGTONGYIZHANXIANTONGXINYUANZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN: YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHE。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAI2015NIANZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGTICHU,ZHIYAOBAZHENGZHIDIXIANZHEIYIYUANXINGUSHOUZHU,BAORONGDEDUOYANGXINGDEBANJINGYUEDA,HUACHUZUIDATONGXINYUANJIUYUEDA。ZHANGQIYILAI,ZAITONGYIZHANXIANTONGXINYUANZHONG,“YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHE”ZHEIYIHUANZHIDESHINAJILEITONGYIZHANXIANCHENGYUANBINGBUSHIFENMINGQUE(RUTUSUOSHI)。BIZHEYANJIUXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUDETONGYIZHANXIANSHIRENWEI,ZAI20SHIJI50NIANDAIHOUQI,YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHEZHUYAOSHIZHIJIESHOUSHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO、BEISHUMAIDEYUANGONGSHANGYEZHE。TAMENZUOWEISHILIJIECENG,BUSHILAODONGZHE,DANRENGRANKEYISHIYONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHE。XIANZAI,ZHEIBUFENRENYUELAIYUESHAO,《TIAOLI》DUIQIYIJINGBUZAIDANLIE。BIZHERENWEI,DANGXIADE“YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIDEAIGUOZHE”ZHUYAOSHIZHIZONGJIAOJIEAIGUORENSHIJIQISUOLIANXIDEXINJIAOQUNZHONG[②]。ZHEISHIYINWEIZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGSHIWOGUOZONGJIAODEGENBENFANGXIANG,ZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEXINJIAOQUNZHONGAIGUOAIJIAO,YESHIDANGZHIZHENGDEQUNZHONGJICHU。RUHEBATAMENTUANJIEZAIDANGDEZHOUWEI,YINDAOHECUJINZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTEBIESHITONGYIZHANXIANLILUNBIXUYANJIUDEZHONGDAKETI。

3.ZONGJIAOLINGYUSHITONGYIZHANXIANDEREDIANDIDAIHELILUNCHUANGXINDE“FUKUANG”。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNSHIYIGEKAIFANGDE、FAZHANDEKEXUELILUN,ZUOWEIZHEIYILILUNDEYOUJIZUCHENGBUFEN,DANGDETONGYIZHANXIANLILUNHEZONGJIAOLILUNDOUZAIBUDUANYUSHIJUJIN、CHUANGXINFAZHAN。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYUTONGYIZHANXIANSIXIANGDELUNSHU,KAIPITONGYIZHANXIANLILUNXINJINGJIE。ZONGJIAOGUANXISHITONGYIZHANXIANWUDAGUANXIDEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,ZONGJIAOWENTIHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZAIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJITONGYIZHANXIANZHONGYAOSIXIANGXINGCHENGHEFAZHANZHONGYIZHIZHANYOUHENZHONGDEWEIZHI。ZAOZAI1999NIANFUJIANSHENGWEIFUSHUJIRENSHANG,XIJINPINGJIUZHICHU,ZONGJIAOSHIYIGELISHIDE、ZHANGQIDE、FUZADEXIANXIANG,YAOJIAQIANGDUIZONGJIAOZHENGCEDEYANJIU,ZHENGQUECHULIHAOZONGJIAOWENTI,CAINENGTUANJIEDADUOSHU[1]。ZAIZHEJIANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGTICHUYAO“YIGAODUDEZHENGZHIZERENGAN,QIESHIJIAQIANGDUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODELINGDAO,DINGQIYANJIU、BUSHUHEJIANCHAZONGJIAOGONGZUO,TEBIESHIYAOZHUYIJISHIFAXIANXINQINGKUANG、JIEJUEXINWENTI”[2]。YAOJIJITANSUOXINXINGSHIXIAZUOMINZUZONGJIAOGONGZUODESILUHEBANFA。TONGZHANBUMENYAOJIAQIANGDUIMINZUZONGJIAOFANGMIANZHONGDAWENTIDEYANJIUHEXIEDIAO,ZHENGFUMINZUZONGJIAOGONGZUOBUMENYAOYIFAJIAQIANGDUIMINZUZONGJIAOSHIWUDEGUANLI,GEYOUGUANBUMENYAOJIJIPEIHE、GONGTONGZUOHAOMINZUZONGJIAOGONGZUO[3]。SHIDUONIANLAI,ZHEJIANGSHENGGEDITANSUOYOUXIAODEZONGJIAOSHIWUGUANLIMOSHI,TEBIESHIKAIQILEZONGJIAOHUODONGCHANGSUOCAIWUDAILIZHIDUHEMINJIANXINYANGCHANGSUOGUIFANHUAGUANLIDENGCHUANGXINXINGGONGZUO。JINJINIANLAI,RUHEJIANDINGDUIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDE“SIGEZIXIN”,RUHEYISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANYINLINGGUANGDACHENGYUAN,RUHEFUWUQUANMIANTUIJINYIFAZHIGUO,RUHEYINGDUIHULIANWANGDAILAIDEJIYUHETIAOZHANDENGDENG,CHENGWEIXINSHIQITONGYIZHANXIANLILUNHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNGONGTONGGUANZHUHEZHONGDIANYANJIUDEZHONGDAKETI。

极速快3彩票YOUYUZONGJIAOJUYOUTESHUDEFUZAXING,XINQINGKUANGXINWENTICENGCHUBUQIONG,YANJIUHEBAWOZONGJIAOGONGZUOGUILVDUIZUOHAOZONGJIAOGONGZUOJIUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGQIANGDIAO,ZUOHAOXINXINGSHIXIAZONGJIAOGONGZUO,JIUYAOJIANCHIYONGMAKESIZHUYILICHANG、GUANDIAN、FANGFARENSHIHEDUIDAIZONGJIAO,ZUNXUNZONGJIAOHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOGUILV,SHENRUYANJIUHETUOSHANCHULIZONGJIAOLINGYUGEZHONGWENTI,JIEHEWOGUOZONGJIAOFAZHANBIANHUAHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIJI,BUDUANFENGFUHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUN,YONGYIGENGHAOZHIDAOWOGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIJIAN[4]。XIJINPINGYAOQIUZAIGUANCHEZONGJIAOZHENGCEDEJIBENYAOQIU、GUANJIANHUANJIE、ZHONGDIANJUCUODENGFANGMIAN,ZUODAO“ZHANGWOGUILV、JIANCHIYUANZE、JIANGJIUFANGFA”[5],YOUXIAODUJUEYINGONGZUOFANGFASHIDANGYINFADEMAODUNHEWENTI。JIYAOQUANMIANTUIJIN,YEYAOZHONGDIANTUPO。YAOJIEHEGEZONGJIAOQINGKUANG,ZHUAZHUZHUYAOMAODUN,JIEJUETUCHUWENTI,YIZUOHAOZHONGDIANGONGZUOTUIJINQUANJUGONGZUO[6]。DANGQIAN,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOGUILVSHITUIJINTONGYIZHANXIANLILUNCHUANGXINXUYAOTANJIUDEZHONGDAKETI。YAOJIANLIZHUANMENDEYANJIUDUIWU,TANSUOJIANLIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHIKU,JIAQIANGDUIMAKESIZHUYIZONGJIAOGUAN、ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUN、ZONGJIAOWENTIDENGDEYANJIU,BUDUANKAIPIMAKESIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNXINJINGJIE[7]。

ER、YITONGYIZHANXIANMUBIAOYAOQIUHEPINGPANBIAOZHUNMOUHUAZONGJIAOGONGZUO

极速快3彩票1.ZUIDAZHENGZHIYUQUANJUGONGZUO。MAOZEDONGCENGZAIJIANGUOCHUSHUOGUO,TONGZHANGONGZUOSHIZUIDADEGONGZUO。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO,RENXINXIANGBEI、LILIANGDUIBI,SHIJUEDINGSHIYECHENGBAIDEGUANJIAN,SHIZUIDADEZHENGZHI。TAJINERZHICHU,TONGZHANGONGZUODEBENZHIYAOQIUSHIDATUANJIEDALIANHE,JIEJUEDEJIUSHIRENXINHELILIANGWENTI。ZHEISHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGZHIGUOLIZHENGBIXUHUADAXINSIXIADAQILIJIEJUEHAODEZHONGDAZHANLVEWENTI[8]。XIJINPINGYIZHIRENWEI,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHISHIGUANDANGHEZHENGFUQUANJUDEGONGZUO。HAIZAISHANGGESHIJI90NIANDAICHU,TAZAIFUJIANSHENGWEICHANGWEI、FUZHOUSHIWEISHUJIRENSHANG,JIUDUOCIZHICHU: “BUDONGDEZONGJIAOWENTI,BUDONGDEZONGJIAOFAZHANLISHIZAIRENLEIFAZHANSHIZHONGCHANSHENGDEZUOYONG,BUDONGDEZONGJIAOZAIXIANSHIZHENGZHISHENGHUOZHONGSUOQIDAODEZUOYONG,ZHEISHIWUZHIDEBIAOXIAN”[9]。2004NIAN4YUE,XIJINPINGZAIZHEJIANGQUANSHENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOZUOTANHUIDEJIANGHUAZHONGJIUZHICHU,“ZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIYIGEGUANXIDANGDEZHIZHENGQIANTUHEMINGYUNDEQUANJUXINGHEZHANLVEXINGGONGZUO”[10]。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGJINYIBUZHICHU: “ZONGJIAOWENTISHIZHONGSHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGZHIGUOLIZHENGBIXUCHULIHAODEZHONGDAWENTI,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOZAIDANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUOQUANJUZHONGJUYOUTESHUZHONGYAOXING,GUANXIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEFAZHAN,GUANXIDANGHERENMINQUNZHONGDEXUEROULIANXI,GUANXISHEHUIHEXIE,MINZUTUANJIE,GUANXIGUOJIAANQUANHEZUGUOTONGYI。”[11]

XIJINPINGZHISUOYIBAZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIZUOQUANJUXINGGONGZUO,HENZHONGYAODEYITIAOSHIJIYUDUIZONGJIAODEQUNZHONGXINGDESHENKERENSHI。ZAOZAI2002NIAN6YUE,SHIRENFUJIANSHENGSHENGZHANGDEXIJINPINGJIUZHICHU: “ZONGJIAOSHIYIZHONGSHEHUILILIANG,TAYOUZHEXIANGDANGQUNZHONGJICHU。”[12]2004NIAN4YUE,SHIRENZHEJIANGSHENGWEISHUJIDEXIJINPINGZAIQUANSHENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOZUOTANHUISHANGDEJIANGHUAZHONGQIANGDIAO: “ZONGJIAOGONGZUODEBENZHISHIQUNZHONGGONGZUO。”[13]TONGSHIZHICHUJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGDAIBIAOZHONGGUOZUIGUANGDARENMINDEGENBENLIYI,DANGRANYEBAOKUOGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEHEFAQUANYI,JIESHILEZONGJIAOGONGZUODEBENZHI。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIDUOGECHANGHESHUOGUO,TONGYIZHANXIANSHIZUORENDEGONGZUO,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOBENZHISHANGSHIQUNZHONGGONGZUO[14]。QUNZHONGLUXIANSHIDANGDESHENGMINGXIANHEGENBENGONGZUOLUXIAN,ZUOHAOXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEGONGZUOSHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGDEQUNZHONGGONGZUODEZHONGYAONEIRONG。XINJIAOQUNZHONGYESHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGZHIZHENGDEQUNZHONGJICHU,ZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGGUANCHEQUNZHONGLUXIAN,JIUSHIYAOZHANZAIGONGGUHEKUODADANGZHIZHENGDEQUNZHONGJICHUDEGAODU,ZHANZAIZHENGGEMINZUYUGUOJIALIYIDEGAODU,ZHANZAIDANGHEZHENGFUQUANJUGONGZUODEGAODU,LAIRENSHIHEDUIDAIZONGJIAOWENTI。

2.ZHENGZHIDIXIANYUFALVDIXIAN。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,MIANDUICUOZONGFUZADEGUOJIGUONEIXINGSHI,XIJINPINGTICHU“YAOSHANYUYUNYONG‘DIXIANSIWEI’DEFANGFA,FANSHIDUOCONGHUAICHUZHUNBEI,NULIZHENGQUZUIHAODEJIEGUO,ZHEIYANGCAINENGYOUBEIWUHUAN、YUSHIBUHUANG,LAOLAOBAWOZHUDONGQUAN。”[15]XIJINPINGZAIZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGMINGQUETICHULEZHENGZHIDIXIANDEHANYI: DUIWEIHAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAO、WEIHAIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHENGQUAN、WEIHAIGUOJIAZHIDUHEFAZHI、SUNHAIZUIGUANGDARENMINGENBENLIYIDEWENTI,BIXUQIZHIXIANMINGFANDUI,BUNENGRANGQIYIDUOYANGXINGDEMINGYIDAXINGQIDAO。QIANGDIAO“ZHEISHIZHENGZHIDIXIAN,BUNENGDONGYAO。CHUCIZHIWAI,DUIQITAGEZHONGDUOYANGXING,YAOJINKENENGTONGGUONAIXINXIZHIDEGONGZUOZHAODAOZUIDAGONGYUESHU。ZHIYAOJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOBAZHENGZHIDIXIANZHEIGEYUANXINGUSHOUZHU,BAORONGDEDUOYANGXINGBANJINGYUEZHANG,HUACHUDETONGXINYUANJIUYUEDA”。ZAIZONGJIAOLINGYU,XIJINPINGTUCHUFALVDIXIAN,QIANGDIAOBIXUYONGFALVGUIFANZHENGFUGUANLIZONGJIAOSHIWUDEXINGWEI,YONGFALVDIAOJIESHEJIZONGJIAODEGEZHONGSHEHUIGUANXI;BUYUNXUYOUFAWAIZHIDI、FAWAIZHIREN、FAWAIZHIJIAO;YAOBAOHUHEFA、ZHIZHIFEIFA、EZHIJIDUAN、DIYUSHENTOU、DAJIFANZUI[16]。

XIJINPINGTICHUYAOTIGAOZONGJIAOGONGZUOFAZHIHUASHUIPING,JIANCHIYIFAGUANLIZONGJIAOSHIWU。QIANGDIAOBIXUQUFENHEFAZONGJIAOHUODONGYUDAZHEZONGJIAOQIHAODEWEIFAFANZUIHUODONG。ZAOZAI1997NIAN4YUE,SHIRENSHENGWEIFUSHUJIDEXIJINPINGZAIFUJIANQUANSHENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU,YAOQUANMIAN、ZHENGQUEDIGUANCHEDANGDEZONGJIAOZHENGCE,YANGEHUAQINGAIGUOZONGJIAOTUANTIYUFEIFAZONGJIAOZUZHIJIEXIAN,ZHENGCHANGZONGJIAOHUODONGYUFEIFAZONGJIAOHUODONGDEJIEXIANYIJIZONGJIAO、MINJIANXINYANG、FENGJIANMIXINSANZHEZHIJIANDEJIEXIAN。YAOYOULICUOSHI,JIANJUEQUDIGEZHONGFEIFAZONGJIAOZUZHI,JIANJUECHAZHULANJIANMIAOYUHEFO(SHEN)XIANGZHIFENG,DUIMINJIANXINYANGHUODONGJINXINGZHENGQUEDEYINDAOHEGUANLI,BINGTUOSHANJIEJUELUOSHIZONGJIAOZHENGCEFANGMIANCUNZAIDEYIXIELISHIYILIUWENTI[17]。TONGNIAN11YUE,XIJINPINGZAIZOUFANGFUJIANSHENGGEZONGJIAOTUANTISHIZHICHU,ZONGJIAOGUANLIGONGZUOSHIDANGDETONGZHANGONGZUODEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,YAOYIFAZHICHI、BAOHUZONGJIAOTUANTIDEZHENGDANGHUODONG,QIESHIBANGZHUJIEJUESHIJIKUNNAN,TONGSHIYAOJIAQIANGXUANCHUANJIAOYU、ZONGHEZHILI,ZHIZHIFEIFAZONGJIAOHUODONG[18]。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO,“DUISHUYUWEIFAFANZUIDE,BULUNSHEJINAGEMINZU、XINYANGHEZHONGZONGJIAO,DOUYAOYIFACHULI”[19];“BAOLIKONGBUHUODONGMOSHIJIBENRENQUAN、JIANTARENDAOZHUYI,TIAOZHANDESHIRENLEIWENMINGDEGONGTONGDIXIAN,JIBUSHIMINZUWENTI,YEBUSHIZONGJIAOWENTI,ERSHIGEZURENMINDEGONGTONGDIREN”[20];“SHENTOUBUSHIZONGJIAOWENTI,ERSHIZHENGZHIWENTI,YUWOZHENGDUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOLINGDAOQUAN,ZHENGDUOQUNZHONG。YAOJIANJUEDIYUJINGWAILIYONGZONGJIAOJINXINGSHENTOU,FANGFANZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGQINHAI”[21]。XIJINPINGDONGRUOGUANHUODIZHICHU,“JISUKUAI3CAIPIAOYUDALAIFENLIEJITUANDOUZHENGDEJIAODIAN,BUSHIMINZUWENTI,YEBUSHIZONGJIAOWENTI,GENGBUSHISUOWEIDERENQUANWENTI。JISUKUAI3CAIPIAOYUDALAIFENLIEJITUANDOUZHENGDEHEXINYUSHIZHI,SHIWEIHUZUGUOTONGYI、FANDUIFENLIEDEZHENGZHIYUANZEWENTI”[22]。

TIGAOZONGJIAOGONGZUOFAZHIHUASHUIPING,YAOWANSHANSHEJIZONGJIAODEFALVFAGUI。ZAOZAI2002NIAN3YUE,FUJIANSHENGWEI、SHENGZHENGFUZHAOKAIQUANSHENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,SHIRENSHENGZHANGXIJINPINGZHICHU,YAOJIAKUAIZONGJIAOSHIWUGUANLIDEFAZHIHUAJINCHENG。JIAKUAIWOSHENGDIFANGXINGZONGJIAOFAGUIDELIFABUFA,SHIZONGJIAOSHIWUGUANLIYOUFAKEYI、YOUZHANGKEXUN[23]。XIJINPINGZHUZHENGZHEJIANGQIJIAN,《ZHEJIANGSHENGZONGJIAOSHIWUTIAOLI》YU2006NIAN3YUE29RISHENGSHIJIERENDACHANGWEIHUIDI24CIHUIYIXIUDING[24]。ZAI2016NIANQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGXIJINPINGMINGQUETICHU,ZONGJIAOFANGMIANDEYIBANXINGSHEHUISHIWU,YAOTONGGUOGUOJIAYIBANXINGDEFALVFAGUILAIDIAOJIEGUIFAN,ZHEIYESHISHIJIESHANGDADUOSHUGUOJIADEZUOFA。ZONGJIAOFANGMIANDEJUTIWENTI,YAOTONGGUOXIUDINGWANSHAN《ZONGJIAOSHIWUTIAOLI》DENGFAGUIGUIZHANGJIEJUE,SHEHUIQITALINGYUZHIDINGFALVFAGUISHIYAOKAOLVHEHANGAIZONGJIAODEXIANGGUANNEIRONG。TONGSHIYAOYANJIUWANSHANYOUGUANJUTIZHENGCE,BASHIJIANZHENGMINGXINGZHIYOUXIAODEZHENGCESHISHISHANGSHENGWEIFALV,NULISHIXIANZHENGCEYUFALVDEXIANJIEPEIHE。2017NIAN8YUE26RI,GUOWUYUANZONGLILIKEQIANGQIANSHUGUOWUYUANLING,GONGBULEXINXIUDINGDE《ZONGJIAOSHIWUTIAOLI》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《TIAOLI》),ZI2018NIAN2YUE1RIQISHIXING。《TIAOLI》XIUDINGZHUYAOZHEYANLIUGEFANGMIAN,JUTILAISHUOJIUSHI“LIANGWEIHU”、“LIANGMINGQUE”、“LIANGGUIFAN”。LIANGWEIHU,JIWEIHUGONGMINZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUHEZONGJIAOJIEHEFAQUANYI、WEIHUGUOJIAANQUANHESHEHUIHEXIE。LIANGMINGQUE,JIMINGQUEZONGJIAOHUODONGCHANGSUOFARENZIGEHEZONGJIAOCAICHANQUANSHU、MINGQUEEZHIZONGJIAOSHANGYEHUAQINGXIANG。LIANGGUIFAN,JIGUIFANZONGJIAOJIECAIWUGUANLI、GUIFANHULIANWANGZONGJIAOXINXIFUWU。

极速快3彩票3.CONGGUOJIGUONEILIANGGEDAJUZUOHAOTONGZHANHEZONGJIAOGONGZUO。SUIZHEJINGJIQUANQIUHUA、XINXIHUABUDUANFAZHANHEWOGUOGUOJIZHANLVEDETUIJIN,TONGYIZHANXIANSHEJIDEGUOJI、GUONEIYINSUCUOZONGFUZA,BIXUYAOTONGCHOUGUOJIGUONEIDAJUJINXINGMOUHUA。ZONGJIAODEGUOJIXINGJUEDINGLEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHEIZHONGTONGCHOUGENGXIANJINPO。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGYIQUANQIUSHIYEHEZHANLVESHIJIAOBAWOZONGJIAO、MINZUDENGTONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUOYUGUOJIAANQUANZHIGUANXI。TAZHICHU,YAOZAITONGCHOUGUONEIGUOJILIANGGEDAJUZHONGZUOHAOXIZANGGONGZUO,LAOLAOBAWOXIZANGSHEHUIDEZHUYAOMAODUNHETESHUMAODUN,BAGAISHANMINSHENG、NINGJURENXINZUOWEIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDECHUFADIANHELUOJIAODIAN,JIANCHIDUIDALAIJITUANDOUZHENGDEFANGZHENZHENGCEBUDONGYAO[25]。ZHENDUIJINGNEIWAI“SANGUSHILI”YANZHONGWEIXIEWOGUOGUOJIAANQUAN、MINZUTUANJIE、SHEHUIWENDINGHERENMINSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANDEWENTI,XIJINPINGTICHUYAOBINGXINGTUIJINGUONEIGUOJILIANGTIAOZHANXIAN,FANGFANKONGBUZHUYIHEZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGSIYIMANYAN。

4.WANGLUOTONGZHANGONGZUOYUHULIANWANGZONGJIAOWENTI。HULIANWANGDEXUNMENGFAZHANSHITONGYIZHANXIANCONGDANGNEIDANGWAI、TIZHINEIWAI、HAINEIHAIWAIJINYIBUTUOZHANDAOWANGSHANGWANGXIA,CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGJIANGWANGLUOKONGJIANYICHENGWEITONGYIZHANXIANDALUHEGANGAOTAIHAIWAIZHIWAIDEDISANGEFANWEI。XIJINPINGTICHUYAOJIJITANSUO“WANGLUOTONGZHAN”[26],QIANGDIAO“WANGSHANGWANGXIAYAOXINGCHENGTONGXINYUAN”[27]。HULIANWANGHEXINXIHUA,YEJIAJULEZONGJIAODEGUOJIXING、QUNZHONGXINGHEFUZAXING。XIJINPINGYAOQIUGAODUZHONGSHIHULIANWANGZONGJIAOWENTI,ZAIHULIANWANGSHANGDALIXUANCHUANDANGDEZONGJIAOLILUNHEFANGZHENZHENGCE,CHUANBOZHENGMIANSHENGYIN。ZHICHUWANGLUOZONGJIAOSHISHEHUIGEGECENGMIANHEGEGEBUMENDEZONGHEXINGWENTI,ZHENGFU、ZONGJIAOTUANTIHESHEHUIDAZHONGDOUZAIQIZHONGBANYANLEZHONGYAODEJIAOSE。XINGCHENGWANGLUOZONGJIAODEZHIXUYULIANGXINGYUNXING,XUYAOGEFANGGONGTONGFALI[28]。

5.PANDUANTONGZHANGONGZUOHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZUODEHAOBUHAODEBIAOZHUN。TONGZHANGONGZUODEZHUTISHIDATUANJIE、DALIANHE。XIJINPINGZAIZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU: “ZUOHAOXINXINGSHIXIATONGZHANGONGZUO,BIXUSHANYULIANYIJIAOYOU”;“TONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUOZUODEHAOBUHAO,YAOKANJIAODAODEPENGYOUDUOBUDUO、HEGEBUHEGE、GOUBUGOUTIE。DUOBUDUOSHISHULIANGWENTI,HEGEBUHEGE、GOUBUGOUTIESHIZHILIANGWENTI。”WOGUOGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGTONGYANGSHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGZHIZHENGDEZHONGYAOQUNZHONGJICHU。XIJINPINGGUANYUZONGJIAOGONGZUOZUODEHAOBUHAODEPINGPANBIAOZHUN,YUTONGZHANGONGZUOZUODEHAOBUHAODEPINGPANBIAOZHUNYIYANG,DOUZAIYUSHIFOUYOULIYUTUANJIEDADUOSHU,SHIFOUYOULIYUGONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGJICHU、KUODADANGDEQUNZHONGJICHU,SHIFOUYOULIYUQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIHESHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXING。ZAOZAIZHEJIANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGJIUZHICHU,ZUOHAOZONGJIAOGONGZUO,GUANJIANSHIYAOZHENGQUELIJIE、QUANMIANBAWODANGDEZONGJIAOGONGZUOJIBENFANGZHEN,JIZUNZHONGQUNZHONGXINYANGZONGJIAODEZIYOU,YEZUNZHONGQUNZHONGBUXINYANGZONGJIAODEZIYOU,SHENKERENSHIXINJIAOQUNZHONGHEBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGZAIGENBENLIYISHANGDEYIZHIXING,SHIXINJIAOQUNZHONGTONGBUXINJIAOQUNZHONG、XINYANGBUTONGZONGJIAODEQUNZHONGZAIQUANMIANJIANSHEXIAOKANGSHEHUI、TIQIANJIBENSHIXIANXIANDAIHUADEHONGWEIMUBIAOXIA,ZUIDAXIANDUDITUANJIEQILAI,GONGTONGCHUANGZAOHEXIEMEIHAODESHEHUI[29]。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGFANFUQIANGDIAO“ZONGJIAOGONGZUOBENZHISHIQUNZHONGGONGZUO”,ZHICHU“ZONGJIAOSHIYIZHONGXINYANG,SHIYIZHONGSHEHUIYISHI,DANGENGZHUYAODESHIYIZHONGSHEHUILILIANG,SHEJIDAOYIWANXINJIAOQUNZHONG。JINGWAIDUIWOGUOJINXINGZONGJIAOSHENTOU,ZUIZHUYAODEMUDEJIUSHIQITUBAZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEXINJIAOQUNZHONGBIANWEITONGDANGHEZHENGFUDUIKANGDELILIANG”[30];ZHICHU“XINJIANGZUIDADEQUNZHONGGONGZUOJIUSHIMINZUTUANJIEHEZONGJIAOHEXIE”[31];ZHICHU“RUGUODUIXINJIAOQUNZHONGBUZUNZHONG、BUXINREN,JISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGJIUSHIQULEYIZHIKEYITUANJIEDEZHONGYAOLILIANG”[32]。ZAI2016NIANQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGMINGQUETICHU,YAOZUNZHONGXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEJIBENXINYANG,TUANJIEHAOXINJIAOQUNZHONG,BANENGBUNENGJIANGGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGTUANJIEZAIDANGHEZHENGFUZHOUWEIZUOWEIPINGJIAZONGJIAOGONGZUOCHENGXIAODEGENBENBIAOZHUN。ZHEIYIZHONGYAOLUNDUAN,SHENKEJIESHILEZONGJIAOGONGZUODEBENZHI,MINGQUELEPINGJIAZONGJIAOGONGZUODEGENBENBIAOZHUN,ZHIMINGLEZONGJIAOGONGZUODEZHELIFANGXIANG。

极速快3彩票SAN、YITONGYIZHANXIANLINIANHEFANGFAKAIZHANZONGJIAOGONGZUO

1.YIZHIXINGYUDUOYANGXING。XIJINPINGZAIZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGSHOUCIBAZHENGQUECHULIYIZHIXINGHEDUOYANGXINGGUANXIMINGQUEWEITONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUODEFANGZHEN,ZHEISHITONGYIZHANXIANLILUNDEZHONGDACHUANGXIN。ZHENGQUEBAWOHEGUANCHEZHEIYIFANGZHENSHIFENZHONGYAO,YIFANGMIANYAOZHELIGONGGUGONGTONGSIXIANGZHENGZHIJICHU,BUDUANZENGJINYIZHIXING;LINGYIFANGMIANYAOCHONGFENFAYANGMINZHU,ZUNZHONG、BAORONGHEYINDAODUOYANGXING。YAOTONGGUONAIXINXIZHIDETONGZHANGONGZUOXUNQIU“ZUIDAGONGYUESHU”,HUACHUZUIDA“TONGXINYUAN”。

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极速快3彩票ZAI2016NIANQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO,DUIYUZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEZONGJIAOXINYANGZHELAISHUO,YUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,JIANCHIZHONGGUOHUAFANGXIANG,BIXU“REAIZUGUO,REAIRENMIN,WEIHUZUGUOTONGYI,WEIHUZHONGHUAMINZUDATUANJIE,FUCONGFUWUYUGUOJIAZUIGAOLIYIHEZHONGHUAMINZUZHENGTILIYI”[37]。MINGQUEZHICHU,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYUZONGJIAOJIERENSHI“QIUTONGCUNYI”“HEERBUTONG”,JIUYAO“JIANCHIZHENGZHISHANGTUANJIEHEZUO、XINYANGSHANGXIANGHUZUNZHONG,DUOJIECHU、DUOTANXIN、DUOBANGZHU,YILIFUREN,YIQINGGANREN,TONGGUOJIEJUESHIJIKUNNANXIYINREN、TUANJIEREN”[38]。

2.JIJIYINSUYUXIAOJIYINSU。TONGYIZHANXIANZHONGYOUJIJIYINSUYEYOUXIAOJIYINSU,TONGZHANGONGZUODERENWUJIUSHIYAODIAODONGYIQIEKEYIDIAODONGJIJIYINSU,HUAXIAOJIYINSUWEIJIJIYINSU。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,MAOZEDONGBUDANSHUOGUO“SUOWEIZHENGZHI,JIUSHIBAYONGHUJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODERENGAODEDUODUODE,BAFANDUIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODERENGAODESHAOSHAODE”,HAISHUOGUO“SUOWEITUANJIE,JIUSHITUANJIEGENZIJIYIJIANFENQIDE,KANBUQIZIJIDE,BUZUNZHONGZIJIDE,GENZIJINAOGUOBIENIUDE,GENZIJIZUOGUODOUZHENGDE,ZIJIZAITAMIANQIANCHIGUOKUIDENEIYIBUFENREN”[39]。

极速快3彩票DUIRUHEDUIDAIZONGJIAOZHONGDEJIJIYINSUHEXIAOJIYINSU,XIJINPINGZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIANJIUDUOYOULUNJI。LIRU,TATICHU: “YAOGULIHEZHICHIZONGJIAOJIEJIXUFAYANGAIGUOAIJIAO、TUANJIEJINBU、FUWUSHEHUIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,CHONGFENLIYONGYOULITIAOJIANHEJIJIYINSU,NULIHUAJIEBULITIAOJIANHEXIAOJIYINSU。”[40]YAOGULIHEZHICHIZONGJIAOJIEFAYANGAIGUOAIJIAO、TUANJIEJINBU、FUWUSHEHUIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,DUIZONGJIAOJIAOYIZUOCHUFUHESHEHUIJINBUYAOQIUDEXINCHANSHI,JIJIYINDAOZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING[41]。YAONULIWAJUEHEHONGYANGZONGJIAOJIAOYI、ZONGJIAODAODEHEZONGJIAOWENHUAZHONGYOULIYUSHEHUIFAZHAN、SHIDAIJINBUHEJIANKANGWENMINGDENEIRONG,GULIZONGJIAOJIEDUOZUOSHANXINGSHANJU,GULIGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGZHUIQIULIANGHAODEDAODEMUBIAO[42]。YAOCHONGFENFAHUIZONGJIAOZAICUJINSHEHUIHEXIEFANGMIANDEJIJIZUOYONG,ZAICUJINJINGJISHEHUIQUANMIANXIEDIAOFAZHANZHONGDEDUTEZUOYONG。”[43]

DANGDESHIBAHOU,XIJINPINGCHONGFENKENDINGZONGJIAOJIEDUIWOGUOGEXIANGSHIYEFAZHANSUOZUODEGONGXIAN。2014NIAN5YUE4RIZAITINGQU3WEIYISILANJIAODAIBIAORENSHIHE1WEIFOJIAODAIBIAORENSHIFAYANHOU,ZONGSHUJIBIAOSHI“ZUOWEIYIZHONGWENHUA,WOHENZHUYIKANZONGJIAOFANGMIANDEZHUZUO,ZONGJIAOZAIQUANRENXIANGSHANFANGMIANYOUHENDUOZHIHUI,YOUHENDUOYOUYIDECHANSHI”[44]。2015NIAN6YUE,XIJINPINGZAIJIESHOUBANSHANEERDENI·QUEJIJIEBUBAIJIANSHI,JIUGAODUZANYANGLEZANGCHUANFOJIAOJIAOYIZHONGDEYANGSHANCHENGE、PINGDENGKUANRONG、FUPINJIKUNDENGJIJISIXIANGYIJIZANGCHUANFOJIAOJIEAIGUOAIJIAODEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。ZAI2016NIANQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGTICHU,BIXU“BIANZHENGKANDAIZONGJIAODESHEHUIZUOYONG”,“JIBUNENGZHIZHUZHONGYIZHIXIAOJIYINSU、HUSHIDIAODONGJIJIYINSU,YEBUNENGZHIZHUZHONGDIAODONGJIJIYINSU、HUSHIYIZHIXIAOJIYINSU;FAHUIZONGJIAOJIJIZUOYONG,BUSHIYAOBAZONGJIAODANGZUOJISHILIANGFANG、RENWEIZHUZHANGZONGJIAORE,ERSHIYAOYINSHILIDAO、QULIBIHAI,YINDAOZONGJIAONULIWEICUJINJINGJIFAZHAN、SHEHUIHEXIE、WENHUAFANRONG、MINZUTUANJIE、ZUGUOTONGYIFUWU。”[45]

GUANYUZONGJIAOJUTIYOUNAXIEZHENGNENGLIANGDEJIJIZUOYONG,XIJINPINGMINGQUEZHICHUZONGJIAOKEYI“WEICUJINJINGJIFAZHAN、SHEHUIHEXIE、WENHUAFANRONG、MINZUTUANJIE、ZUGUOTONGYIFUWU”[46],QIANGDIAO“FAHUIZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEXINJIAOQUNZHONGZAICUJINJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANZHONGDEJIJIZUOYONG,ZUIDAXIANDUTUANJIEYIQIEKEYITUANJIEDELILIANG”[47]。XIJINPINGTEBIEZHICHUZONGJIAOHEXIEDUILIANGANHEXIEDEZHONGDAYIYI,ZHUANMENTIDAOFUJIANZHEJIANGDEMINJIANXINYANG、SHIZUXINYANGZAILIANGANJIAOWANGJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOZHONGDEZUOYONG,BIAOSHI“LIANGANTONGBAOYAOXIANGHUFUCHI,BUFENDANGPAI,BUFENJIECENG,BUFENZONGJIAO,BUFENDIYU,DOUCANYUDAOMINZUFUXINGDEJINCHENGZHONGLAI,RANGJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOGONGTONGDEZHONGGUOMENGZAORICHENGZHEN。”[48]

3.ZUIDAGONGYUESHUYUZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUA。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZAIDUOGECHANGHEJIANGDAOYAOXUNQIUZUIDAGONGYUESHU,ZUIDAGONGYUESHUSHIXIJINPINGDATONGZHANLINIANDEJIZHONGTIXIANHELINGHUOYUNYONG[49]。ZAIBAOKUOZONGJIAOZAINEIDEYISHIXINGTAILINGYUDEZUIDAGONGYUESHUSHISHENMENI?XIJINPINGZHICHU: “WOGUOSHIYIGEYOUZHE13YIDUORENKOU、56GEMINZUDEDAGUO,QUELIFANYINGQUANGUOGEZURENMINGONGTONGRENTONGDEJIAZHIGUAN‘ZUIDAGONGYUESHU’,SHIQUANTIRENMINTONGXINTONGDE、TUANJIEFENJIN,GUANHUGUOJIAQIANTUMINGYUN,GUANHURENMINXINGFUANKANG。”[50]YISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANYINLINGZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUA,CUJINZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,SHIDANGQIANWOGUOCHULIZONGJIAOWENTIHEKAIZHANZONGJIAOGONGZUODEZUIDAGONGYUESHU。

WOGUOZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUAYONGYUANSHIJINXINGSHI。SHIDAIZAIBIAN,SHIJIEZAIBIAN,ZHONGGUOZAIBIAN,WOGUOGEZONGJIAOZHIYOUBUDUANCHUANGXIN,CAINENGJIXUJIANCHIZHONGGUOHUAFANGXIANG。2014NIAN3YUE27RI,XIJINPINGZAIBALILIANHEGUOJIAOKEWENZUZHIZONGBUFABIAODEYANJIANGZHONG,ZHICHUYINDUFOJIAOCHUANRUZHONGGUOHOU,BUDUANDIYUZHONGGUOBENTUDERUJIAWENHUA、DAOJIAWENHUAJISUKUAI3CAIPIAORONGHE,XINGCHENGLEYOUZHONGGUOWENHUATESEDEFOJIAOWENHUA,ZHONGGUOHUADEFOJIAOWENHUAYOUSHENSHENYINGXIANGLEZHONGGUODELUNLISIXIANG、LIYIZHIDU、FENGSUXIGUAN,“ERQIESHIFOJIAOCONGZHONGGUOCHUANBODAOLERIBEN、HANGUO、DONGNANYADENGDI”[51]。

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4.QUXINGZHENGHUAYUDAOZHIYOUFANG。TONGYIZHANXIANJISHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGDEZHIZHENGZIYUANYESHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGDELINGDAOFANGSHI,QIZHENGZHIYOUSHIJIUZAIYUNENGGOUZAIXINGZHENGSHOUDUANZHIWAITONGGUODANGDEXIANGXINLI、GANZHAOLI、YINGXIANGLILAININGXINJULI,YINCITONGZHANGONGZUOZUIJIXINGZHENGHUA,YAOYOURENQINGWEI,YAOTONGGUONAIXINXIZHIDEJIAOYUYINDAO,TONGGUO“ZUOGONGFUCAI”,MIANMIANYONGLI、JIUJIUWEIGONG[54]。ZUOWEIDANGDETONGZHANGONGZUODEYIGEFANGMIAN,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHEJIQUNZHONGGONGZUOHEYISHIXINGTAILINGYU,LISHIFANFUZHENGMING,FANSHUSIXIANGRENSHIDEWENTI,TEBIESHIQUNZHONGXINGDESIXIANGRENSHIWENTI,YONGQIANGZHISHI、YUNDONGSHIDEFANGFABUJINBUNENGJIEJUE,FANERHUISHIDEQIFAN。MAOZEDONGZAI《HUNANNONGMINYUNDONGKAOCHABAOGAO》ZHONGZHICHU,PUSASHINONGMINLIQILAIDE,DAOLEYIDINGSHIQINONGMINHUIYONGTAMENZIJIDESHUANGSHOUDIUKAIZHEIXIEPUSA,WUXUPANGRENGUOZAODIDAIPAODIUPUSA。TARENWEI,DUIYUZONGJIAOXINYANGZHEILEISHIQING,ZUIHAODEBANFASHI“YINERBUFA,YUERUYE”,YAOSHANYUYINDAOHEQIFA。ZHEIZHONGSIXIANGFANGFAHEGONGZUOFANGFA,ZAIJINTIANTUIJINZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUAGUOCHENGZHONGRENGRANJUYOUZHONGYAOZHIDAOYIYI。

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极速快3彩票GUANYURUHEZHENGQUEYINDAOZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,XIJINPINGSHOUCITICHULESITIAOYUANZE,JI: BIXUJIANCHIZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUAFANGXIANG,BIXUTIGAOZONGJIAOGONGZUOFAZHIHUASHUIPING,BIXUBIANZHENGKANDAIZONGJIAODESHEHUIZUOYONG,BIXUZHONGSHIFAHUIZONGJIAOJIERENSHIZUOYONG[57]。SHIJISHANG,ZAOZAIZHEJIANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGJIUZHICHU,YAOYUSHIJUJIN,RENZHENCHULIHAOCHUANTONGYUSHIDAI、JICHENGYUFAZHAN、JIAOQINGYUGUOQINGDEGUANXI,ZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANTANSUOYINDAOZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGDEGONGZUOSILUHEFANGSHI[58]。ZAITANDAOZANGCHUANFOJIAOGONGZUOSHITAZHICHU,YAOFAYANGZANGCHUANFOJIAOJIEAIGUOAIJIAOCHUANTONG,TUIJINSIMIAOGUANLIZHANGXIAOJIZHIJIANSHE,ZHICHIZANGCHUANFOJIAOANZHAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGDEYAOQIUJINXINGJIAOGUIJIAOYICHANSHI[59]。

ZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGJINYIBUZHIMINGLEYINDAOZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGDEFANGXIANGHEMUDE: YINDAOXINJIAOQUNZHONGREAIZUGUO、REAIRENMIN,WEIHUZUGUOTONGYI,WEIHUZHONGHUAMINZUDATUANJIE,FUCONGFUWUYUGUOJIAZUIGAOLIYIHEZHONGHUAMINZUZHENGTILIYI;YONGHUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAO、YONGHUSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU,JIANCHIZOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU;JIJIJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,HONGYANGZHONGHUAWENHUA,NULIBAZONGJIAOJIAOYITONGZHONGHUAWENHUAXIANGRONGHE;ZUNSHOUGUOJIAFALVFAGUI,ZIJUEJIESHOUGUOJIAYIFAGUANLI;TOUSHENGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHE,WEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGGONGXIANLILIANG[60]。

5.ZHAOGUTONGMENGZHELIYIYUWEIHUZONGJIAOJIEHEFAQUANYI。ZHAOGUTONGMENGZHELIYISHIDANGDETONGYIZHANXIANDEYIXIANGZHENGCEYOUSHIHEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,XIJINPINGJICHENGHEFAZHANLEZHEIYICHUANTONGYOUSHI。2014NIAN4YUETAZAIXINJIANGDIAOYANSHI,ZHICHUYAODUOSUANDAZHANG,SHAOSUANXIAOZHANG,TEBIEYAODUOSUANZHENGZHIZHANG、ZHANLVEZHANG,SHAOSUANJINGJIZHANG、YANQIANZHANG[61]。

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3.ZAICHULIGUONEIBUTONGZONGJIAOGUANXISHANG,JIANCHIGEZONGJIAOYILVPINGDENG、HEMUXIANGCHU。ZHANGQIYILAIDUIWOGUOWUDAZONGJIAOZHIJIANDEGUANXIXIANYOULUNSHU,ZHISHIMINGQUELEQUANMIANGUANCHEZONGJIAOZIYOUZHENGCE,BAOKUOJIKEYIXINYANGZHEIGEZONGJIAOYEKEYIXINYANGNEIGEZONGJIAO。XIJINPINGZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIANTIDAOLE“YAOWEIHUBUTONGZONGJIAOZHIJIANYUZONGJIAONEIBUDETUANJIE”[71]。ZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGZHICHU,YAOJIANCHIGEZONGJIAOYILVPINGDENG、HEMUGONGCHU,GEZONGJIAOZAIFALVSHANGXIANGYOUPINGDENGDIWEI,DOUYOULVXINGWOGUOFALVGUIDINGDEQUANLIHEYIWU。

4.ZAICHULIWOGUOZONGJIAOYUWAIGUOZONGJIAOGUANXISHANG,JIYAOJIANCHIDULIZIZHUZIBANYUANZEYOUZHICHIZHENGCHANGDEDUIWAIJIAOWANG。WOGUOZONGJIAOTONGWAIGUOZONGJIAOBUCUNZAILISHUGUANXI,WOGUOZONGJIAOTUANTIHEZONGJIAOSHIWUBUSHOUWAIGUOSHILIZHIPEI。ZAOZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGJIUQIANGDIAO,YAOJIAQIANGDIYUJINGWAILIYONGZONGJIAOJINXINGSHENTOUDEGONGZUO,BADIYUSHENTOUYUJIAQIANGAIGUOZHUYI、SHEHUIZHUYIJIAOYUXIANGJIEHE,YUJIEJUEXINJIAOQUNZHONGDESHIJIKUNNANXIANGJIEHE,YUJIAQIANGDANGDEJICENGZUZHIHEJICENGZHENGQUANJIANSHEXIANGJIEHE,XINGCHENGZONGJIAOJIE、XINJIAOQUNZHONGYUDANGHEZHENGFUGONGTONGDIYUSHENTOUDEJUMIAN[72]。ZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGZHONGSHENJIANJUEDIYUJINGWAISHILILIYONGZONGJIAOJINXINGDESHENTOU。

DANYUCITONGSHI,XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU,YAOZHICHIHEGULIGUONEIZONGJIAOYUGUOWAIZONGJIAOZAIXIANGHUZUNZHONG、PINGDENGYOUHAODEJICHUSHANGKAIZHANDUIWAIJIAOWANG,TUIDONGBUTONGZONGJIAOHEXIEGONGCHU、BUTONGWENMINGJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOHUJIAN。ZAOZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGJIUYAOQIUBAJINGWAILIYONGZONGJIAOJINXINGSHENTOUTONGZONGJIAOJIEDEZHENGCHANGDUIWAIJIAOWANGHUODONGQUBIEKAILAI,GULIHEZHICHIWOSHENGZONGJIAOJIEZAIDULIZIZHU、PINGDENGYOUHAO、HUXIANGZUNZHONGDEJICHUSHANGKAIZHANDUIWAIJIAOWANGHEDUIWAIXUANCHUAN[73]。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAOCONGGULAODESICHOUZHILULIANGQIANDUONIANDEJIAOWANGLISHIZHONGWAJUEBUTONGZHONGZU、BUTONGXINYANG、BUTONGWENHUABEIJINGGUOJIAZHIJIANGONGXIANGHEPING、GONGTONGFAZHANDEQISHI,YIJIJILEGUANDEZITAIYUYANXIANGUOJIAYIQI,XIESHOUJIANSHEGONGTONGFAZHANFANRONGDE“MINGYUNGONGTONGTI”[74]。

5.ZAICHULIXINJIAOQUNZHONGYUBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGGUANXISHANG,YAOCUJINBICIZUNZHONG、HEXIEXIANGCHU。XINJIAOQUNZHONGHEBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGDOUSHIWOGUOGONGMIN,TAMENZAIZHENGZHISHANG、JINGJISHANGDEGENBENLIYISHIYIZHIDE,SIXIANGSHANG、XINYANGSHANGDECHAYISHICIYAODE,TONGSHIZAIFALVSHANGXIANGYOUTONGDENGDEQUANLIHEYIWU。ZAIDIFANGQIJIANXIJINPINGJIUTICHU,YAONULICUJINXINJIAOYUBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEHEMUXIANGCHU[75]。YAOQUANMIANGUANCHEZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUZHENGCE,JIANCHIZHENGZHISHANGTUANJIEHEZUO,XINYANGSHANGHUXIANGZUNZHONG,NULISHIXIANZONGJIAOYUSHEHUIHEXIEXIANGCHU,XINJIAOQUNZHONGHEBUXINJIAOQUNZHONG、XINYANGBUTONGZONGJIAOQUNZHONGDEHEXIEXIANGCHU[76]。XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGQIANGDIAO,“SHIXINGZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUZHENGCE,CHUFADIANHELUOJIAODIANSHIYAOZUIDAXIANDUBAGUANGDAXINJIAOHEBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGTUANJIEQILAI。”SHISHISHANG,QUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUZHENGCE,GUANJIANZAI“QUANMIAN”LIANGGEZISHANGLIJIE,JI: WOGUOGONGMINKEYIXINYANGZONGJIAOYEKEYIBUXINYANGZONGJIAO,KEYIJINTIANXINYANGZONGJIAOMINGTIANBUXINYANGZONGJIAOYEKEYIJINTIANBUXINYANGZONGJIAOERMINGTIANXINYANGZONGJIAO。ERBUKEPIANMIANLIJIEHUOGEZHIYIDUAN。

XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDUICHULIWOGUOZONGJIAOGUANXIHAIZHUANMENQIANGDIAOBIXUBAWOYIXIASANTIAOYUANZE: YISHIBIXULAOLAOBAWOJIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO、GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGDIWEI、QIANGHUADANGDEZHIZHENGJICHUZHEIGEGENBEN,BIXUJIANCHIZHENGJIAOFENLI,JIANCHIZONGJIAOBUDEGANYUXINGZHENG、SIFA、JIAOYUDENGGUOJIAZHINENGSHISHI,JIANCHIZHENGFUYIFADUISHEJIGUOJIALIYIHESHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDEZONGJIAOSHIWUJINXINGGUANLI;ERSHIYAOTIGAOZONGJIAOGONGZUOFAZHIHUASHUIPING,YONGFALVGUIFANZHENGFUGUANLIZONGJIAOSHIWUDEXINGWEI,YONGFALVDIAOJIESHEJIZONGJIAODEGEZHONGSHEHUIGUANXI;SANSHIYAOBAOHUGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGHEFAQUANYI,SHENRUKAIZHANFAZHIXUANCHUANJIAOYU,JIAOYUYINDAOGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGZHENGQUERENSHIHECHULIGUOFAHEJIAOGUIDEGUANXI,TIGAOFAZHIGUANNIAN。ZHEISANTIAO,CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGJIANG,JIUSHIYAOQIUJISUKUAI3CAIPIAOZAICHULIZONGJIAOWENTIHEKAIZHANZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONG,YAOGUANCHEJIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO、RENMINDANGJIAZUOZHUHEYIFAZHIGUODEYOUJITONGYI,ZHANGXIANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIMINZHUYUFAZHIDETEDIANHEYOUDIAN。

WU、TONGYIZHANXIANLINGDAOQUANZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGRUHESHIXIAN

TONGYIZHANXIANDELINGDAOQUANWENTILILAISHIGENBENWENTI,DANGQIANGUOJIGUONEICUOZONGFUZADEXINGSHIDUIDANGDELINGDAOHEZHIZHENGDAILAIXINDEJIYUYUTIAOZHAN。TONGYIZHANXIANHEZONGJIAOSHEJIDANGNEIYUDANGWAI、TIZHINEIWAI、HAINEIHAIWAIYIJIDISHANGDIXIA、WANGSHANGWANGXIA,TONGZHANGONGZUOHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZUOHAOLE,JIUKEYIWEIZENGQIANGDANGDENINGJULI、GANZHAOLIHEYINGXIANGLI,TISHENGDANGDELINGDAOHEZHIZHENGDENENGLIHESHUIPING,FAHUIDUTEZUOYONG。

极速快3彩票1.TUCHUZHENGZHILINGDAO,BAXINJIAOQUNZHONGJINJINTUANJIEZAIDANGDEZHOUWEI。

XIJINPINGZAIZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU,DANGDUITONGYIZHANXIANLINGDAOZHUYAOSHIZHENGZHILINGDAO,JIZHENGZHILUXIAN、FANGZHEN、ZHENGCEDELINGDAO,RANGGUANGDATONGYIZHANXIANCHENGYUANRENTONGDANGDELUXIANHEMUBIAOBINGWEIZHIGONGTONGFENDOU。XIJINPINGZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIANJIUYIZHIRENWEI,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIDANGDETONGZHANGONGZUOHEDANGDEQUNZHONGGONGZUODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN[77]。DANGDUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODELINGDAO,ZHUYAOSHIZHENGZHILINGDAO,ZHANGWOZHENGZHIFANGXIANGHEZHONGDAFANGZHEN、ZHENGCE[78]。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOBENZHISHANGSHIQUNZHONGGONGZUO,YAOBAXINJIAOQUNZHONGJINJINTUANJIEZAIDANGDEZHOUWEI[79]。

ZHIDEZHUYIDE,XIJINPINGJIANGDEZHEIZHONG“ZHENGZHILINGDAO”,BAOKUOJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUNZAIRENMINQUNZHONGZHONGDEZHUDAODIWEI,ZHEISHIXIJINPINGDEYIGUANSIXIANG。ZAISHANGGESHIJI90NIANDAIQIANQI,FUZHOUSHILIANGCIZHAOKAIQUANSHIZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYI,SHIRENFUJIANSHENGWEICHANGWEI、FUZHOUSHIWEISHUJIXIJINPINGJUNQINZIDAOHUIJIANGHUA。TAQIANGDIAO,NONGCUNDEJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHEYIDINGYAOJIAQIANG,YAOXIANGGUANGDAQUNZHONGXUANCHUAN、CHANGDAOWUSHENLUN;DANGHEZHENGFU、RENHEGERENDOUYOUXUANCHUANWUSHENLUNDEZIYOU。1999NIAN,SHIRENFUJIANSHENGWEIFUSHUJIDEXIJINPINGZHICHU,JISUKUAI3CAIPIAOYOUYIGEWENTIYAOZHUYI,JIYAOJIANGHUAZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOU,YEYAOQIANGDIAOXUANCHUANWUSHENLUN。YAOQIESHIJIUZHENGYIXIEDIFANGCUNZAIDEHUSHIMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUNJIAOYUDEBULIANGQINGXIANG[80]。ZHUZHENGZHEJIANGQIJIAN,XIJINPINGZHICHU,YAOJIANCHIBUXIE、LIZHIQIZHUANGDIXIANGRENMINQUNZHONGTEBIESHIGUANGDAQINGSHAONIANJINXINGBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYI、LISHIWEIWUZHUYIHEWUSHENLUNDEXUANCHUANJIAOYU,TIGAOQUANMINZUSIXIANGDAODEHEKEXUEWENHUASUZHI。[81]DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAO,YAOJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUNZAIRENMINQUNZHONGZHONGDEZHUDAODIWEI。JISUKUAI3CAIPIAOBUJINYAOJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUN,ERQIEHAIYAOJIJIXUANCHUANMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUN。YAOJIAQIANGDUIQINGSHAONIANDEKEXUESHIJIEGUANXUANCHUANJIAOYU,YINDAOTAMENXIANGXINKEXUE、XUEXIKEXUE、CHUANBOKEXUE,SHULIZHENGQUEDESHIJIEGUAN、RENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUAN[82]。

2.GONGCHANDANGYUANBUNENGXINJIAO,DANYAOGONGGUHEZHUANGDADANGTONGZONGJIAOJIEDEAIGUOTONGYIZHANXIAN。

极速快3彩票XIJINPINGDUOCIQIANGDIAO: CONGSHITONGZHANGONGZUODETONGZHI,DANGDEYISHIYAOZUIQIANG;YUESHIZUODANGWAIGONGZUOYUESHIYAOXINZHONGYOUDANG。ZHEIYISIXIANGTIXIANZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONG,SHIJISHANGJIUSHI“SHEITONGSHEI”DEWENTI。XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGMINGQUEZHICHU,GONGCHANDANGYUANYAOZUOJIANDINGDEMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUNZHE,YANSHOUDANGZHANGGUIDING,JIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN,LAOJIDANGDEZONGZHI,JUEBUNENGZAIZONGJIAOZHONGXUNZHAOZIJIDEJIAZHIHEXINNIAN。SHIJISHANG,ZAOZAISHANGGESHIJI90NIANDAIQIANQI,XIJINPINGZAIDANRENFUJIANSHENGWEICHANGWEI、FUZHOUSHIWEISHUJISHI,JIUYAOQIU“ZUZHIBUMENYAOJINGCHANGDUIDANGYUANJINXINGMAKESIZHUYIWUSHENLUN、DANGDEJIBENZHISHIHEKEXUE、WENHUAZHISHIJIAOYU,BANGZHUGUANGDADANGYUANSHULIBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHIJIEGUAN;YAOJIAQIANGDUIDANGYUANDEGUANLIHEJIANDU,YANSUDANGDEJILV,BAJIEJUEDANGYUANXINJIAOWENTIZUOWEIMINZHUPINGYIDANGYUANDEYIXIANGZHONGYAONEIRONG,YIBAOZHENGDANGZUZHIDEXIANJINXINGHECHUNJIEXING”;“XUANCHUANBUMENYAOJIANCHIZHUAHAODUIGEJILINGDAOGANBUDEMALIEZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEJIAOYU,ZHONGDIANSHIJINXINGJIANSHEYOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNYIJIDANGDEZONGJIAOZHENGCEDEXUANCHUANJIAOYU,GEJILINGDAOGANBUSHULIZHENGQUEDEZONGJIAOGUAN,JIDONGZHENGCEYOUHUIGUANLI”[83]。DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGDUOCITIQUZONGJIAOGONGZUOBENZHISHANGSHIQUNZHONGGONGZUO,DANTONGSHIMINGQUEZHICHU“ZUOQUNZHONGGONGZUOBUNENGDOUSHIYITUANHEQI,BUNENGGAOCHENGWUYUANZEDETUANJIE。ZUOQUNZHONGGONGZUOSHIDAILINGQUNZHONGQIANJIN,ERBUSHIZUOQUNZHONGWEIBA”[84]。YAOTEBIEQIANGDIAOGONGCHANDANGYUANBUNENGXINJIAOZHEIYIZHENGZHIJILV;HAIYAOQIANGDIAO,ZUOWEIMAKESIZHUYIDEXINFENGZHE,GONGCHANDANGYUANDANGRANYAOJIANCHIWUSHENLUN,BUJIANCHIWUSHENLUNJIUBUSHIMAKESIZHUYIZHELE,YEJIUBUSHICHEDIDEWEIWULUNZHELE。

ZAICIQIANTIXIA,YAOGONGGUHEFAZHANDANGTONGZONGJIAOJIEDEAIGUOTONGYIZHANXIAN。XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGMINGQUETICHU,“ZAIAIGUOZHUYI、SHEHUIZHUYIQIZHIXIA,TONGZONGJIAOJIEJIECHENGTONGYIZHANXIAN,SHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGCHULIZONGJIAOWENTIDEXIANMINGTESEHEZHENGZHIYOUSHI”;“JIANCHIZHENGZHISHANGTUANJIEHEZUO、XINYANGSHANGXIANGHUZUNZHONG,DUOJIECHU、DUOTANXIN、DUOBANGZHU,YILIFUREN,YIQINGGANREN,TONGGUOJIEJUESHIJIKUNNANXIYINREN、TUANJIEREN”[85]。

极速快3彩票3.ZHICHIZONGJIAOTUANTIJIAQIANGZISHENJIANSHEHERENCAIPEIYANG,QUEBAOAIGUOZONGJIAOTUANTIDELINGDAOQUANLAOLAOZHANGWOAIGUOAIJIAORENSHISHOU。

XIJINPINGZAIQUANGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUOHUIYISHANGZHICHU,ZONGJIAOTUANTISHIDANGHEZHENGFUTUANJIE、LIANXIZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEQIAOLIANGHENIUDAI,YAOWEITAMENKAIZHANGONGZUOTIGONGBIYAODEZHICHIHEBANGZHU,ZUNZHONGHEFAHUITAMENZAIZONGJIAONEIBUSHIWUZHONGDEZUOYONG。SHIJISHANG,ZAIDIFANGGONGZUOQIJIAN,XIJINPINGJIUSHIFENZHONGSHIFAHUIZONGJIAOTUANTIDEZUOYONG。1997NIAN9YUE,SHIRENFUJIANSHENGWEIFUSHUJIDEXIJINPINGZAIYUSHENGJIGEZONGJIAOTUANTIFUZERENZUOTANSHIZHICHU: ZAIXINDELISHISHIQI,GEAIGUOZONGJIAOTUANTIDEJIBENRENWUSHI,XIEZHUDANGHEZHENGFUGUANCHEZHIXINGZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUZHENGCE,BANGZHUGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGHEZONGJIAOJIERENSHIBUDUANTIGAOAIGUOZHUYIHESHEHUIZHUYIJUEWU,DAIBIAOHEWEIHUZONGJIAOJIEDEHEFAQUANYI,ZUZHIZHENGCHANGDEZONGJIAOHUODONG,BANHAOJIAOWU[86]。ZHUZHENGZHEJIANGSHI,XIJINPINGZHICHU,YAODALIZHICHIAIGUOZONGJIAOTUANTIJIAQIANGZISHENJIANSHE,BANGZHUZONGJIAOTUANTIJIANLIJIANQUANGUIZHANGZHIDU,QIESHIBANGZHUTAMENJIEJUEYIXIESHIJIWENTI,SHIZHIZHENZHENGCHENGWEIDANGHEZHENGFULIANXIXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEQIAOLIANGHENIUDAI[87]。

极速快3彩票XIJINPINGTEBIEQIANGDIAOYAOGAOHAOZONGJIAOTUANTIJIEBANRENDEPEIYANGGONGZUO。ZAOZAIDIFANGGONGZUOSHITAJIUZHICHU: “ZUOHAOZONGJIAOJIEJIEBANRENDEPEIYANGGONGZUO,SHIZHENGGEZONGJIAOSHIYEFAZHANDETOUDENGZHONGYAODESHIQING,GUANXIDAOLAOYIDAIZONGJIAOJIEAIGUORENSHIKAICHUANGDEAIGUOAIJIAOSHIYESHIFOUHOUJIYOURENDEDAWENTI。”[88]YAOQIUGEZONGJIAOTUANTIYAOYOUZHANGYUANYANGUANGHEXIANSHIJINPOGAN,JIXUZHUAJINPEIYANGYIZHIZHENGZHISHANGREAIZUGUO,YONGHUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAOHESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU,YOUYOUXIANGDANGZONGJIAOXUESHI,NENGLIANXIXINJIAOQUNZHONGDENIANQINGZONGJIAOJIAOZHIRENYUAN。QIANGDIAO“LAOYIBEIZONGJIAOJIELINGDAOREN,BUSHIYITIAN、LIANGTIANDEGONGFUCHENGZHANGQILAIDE,SUOYINIANQINGRENYIDINGYAOJIAQIANGPEIYANG,WULUNSHIZAIZHENGZHISUZHIFANGMIAN,HAISHIZAIXUEYANGFANGMIANDOUYAOJINXINGPEIYANG”[89]。YAOQIUGEJITONGZHAN、ZONGJIAOGONGZUOBUMENYEYAOBAZHEIXIANGGONGZUOBAISHANGYISHIRICHENG,CHUANGZAOYOULITIAOJIANCUJINZONGJIAOJIEJIEBANRENPEIYANGGONGZUOSHUNLIKAIZHAN。

极速快3彩票XIJINPINGTEBIETICHU,YAOSHANYUYUNYONGTONGYIZHANXIANDEFANGSHIKAIZHANGONGZUO,FAHUIHAOZONGJIAOTUANTILIANXIXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEQIAOLIANGNIUDAIZUOYONG,FAHUIHAOZONGJIAORENSHILIANXIHEFUWUXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEZUOYONG[90]。

4.CHONGFENFAHUILIANGGELINGDAOXIAOZUHEDATONGZHANGONGZUOJIZHIDEZUOYONG,MINGQUETONGZHANBUMENHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOBUMENZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGDEZHIZE。

极速快3彩票XIJINPINGYIGUANRENWEIZONGJIAOGONGZUOSHIDANGHEZHENGFUDEQUANJUGONGZUO。YINCI,ZAIDIFANGGONGZUOSHIJIUYAOQIUGEJIDANGWEIZHENGFUYIDINGYAOYIGAODUDEZHENGZHIZERENGAN,QIESHIJIAQIANGDANGDUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODELINGDAO。TONGZHAN、ZONGJIAOJIGEYOUGUANBUMENYAOZAIDANGWEI、ZHENGFUDELINGDAOXIA,QIZHUAGONGGUAN、FENGONGHEZUO,GONGTONGZUOHAOXINSHIQIDEZONGJIAOGONGZUO[91]。TAZHUZHENGFUZHOUSHIYAOQIUSHI、XIANLIANGJIDANGXIAOYAOBADANGZAISHEHUIZHUYISHIQIZONGJIAOLILUNHEZHENGCELIERUJIAOXUEKECHENG,ZUOWEIBIXIUDEYIKE。YAODUIXIAN、XIANGDANGZHENGZHUYAOLINGDAOJINXINGXITONGDEZONGJIAOLILUN、ZHENGCEJIAOYU,TIGAOGEJIDANGZHENGGANBUDEZONGJIAOLILUN、ZHENGCESHUIPING[92]。

极速快3彩票DANGDESHIBADAHOU,XIJINPINGMINGQUEZHICHU,GEJIDANGWEI(DANGZU)ZHUYAOFUZERENSHITONGZHANGONGZUODIYIZERENREN[93];DANGZHENGZHUYAOFUZERENSHIZONGJIAOGONGZUODIYIZERENREN[94]。YAOQIUGEJIDANGWEIYAOTIGAOCHULIZONGJIAOWENTINENGLI,BAZONGJIAOGONGZUONARUZHONGYAOYISHIRICHENG,JISHIYANJIUZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGDEZHONGYAOWENTI,TUIDONGLUOSHIZONGJIAOGONGZUOJUECEBUSHU。YAOJIANLIJIANQUANQIANGYOULIDELINGDAOJIZHI,ZUOHAODUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODEYINLING、GUIHUA、ZHIDAO、DUCHA。YAOJIANLIJIANQUANQIANGYOULIDELINGDAOJIZHI,FAHUITONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUOLINGDAOXIAOZUDEZUOYONG,JIANLIBINGFAHUIZONGJIAOGONGZUOLINGDAOXIAOZUHUOLIANXIHUIYIDEZUOYONG。MINGQUEZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONG,JISUKUAI3CAIPIAOYAOQIESHICHENGDANQIANTOUXIEDIAODEZHIZE,ZHENGFUZONGJIAOGONGZUOBUMENYAODANFUQIYIFAGUANLIZEREN,YOUGUANBUMENJIRENMINTUANTIYAOQIZHUAGONGGUAN,GONGTONGZUOHAOZONGJIAOGONGZUO。DANGDEJICENGZUZHITEBIESHIZONGJIAOGONGZUORENWUZHONGDEDIFANGJICENGZUZHI,YAOQIESHIZUOHAOZONGJIAOGONGZUO,JIAQIANGDUIXINJIAOQUNZHONGDEGONGZUO。YAOJIANQUANJICENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOSANJIWANGLUO,QIANGHUALIANGJIZERENZHI,XINGCHENGQIZHUAGONGGUANDESHEHUIHUADEDATONGZHANDAZONGJIAOGONGZUOJIZHI。YAONULIJIANSHEYIZHI“ZHENGZHISHANGQIANG、NENGLISHANGQIANG、ZUOFENGSHANGQIANG”DEGAOSUZHIZONGJIAOGONGZUOGANBUDUIWU。YOUQISHIYAOQUEBAOXIANJIZHENGFUZONGJIAOGONGZUOJIGOUJUYOUZHIFAZHUTIZIGEHEJIBENRENYUANBIANZHI。

六、结语

ZONGJIAOJUYOUZHANGQIXING、QUNZHONGXINGHEGUOJIXING,ZHONGGUOJIEJUEZONGJIAOWENTIDEZONGTICHENGGONG,WEIGOUJIANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNTIGONGLEFENGFUDEJINGYAN。QIZHONG,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGDETONGZHANSIWEI,SHIQIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEJINGYANZHIYI。TONGYIZHANXIANJISHIZHONGGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUODETESE,YESHIZHONGGUOZONGJIAOGONGZUODEYOUSHI。YISHITONGYIZHANXIANZUOWEIDANGZHIZHENGXINGGUODEZHONGYAOFABAO,SHIZONGJIAOGONGZUOBUJINSHIZHENGFUDEYIZHONGYIFAGUANLI,GENGSHIZHIZHENGDANGCONGZHENGFUWAIZHANXIANLINGDAONENGLI,SHIXIANZHENGZHILINGDAO,BAOKUO: SIXIANGYINLING、RENSHIPEIYANG、TUANJIELIANYIHEGUANGJIAOSHENJIAOZONGJIAOJIEDAIBIAORENSHIHEPENGYOUDENGDENG,CONGERRONGYIFAGUANLIYUZHENGZHIYINLINGYUYITI,SHIXIANLELINGDAOFANGSHIHEZHIZHENGFANGSHIXIANGTONGYI;ERSHITONGYIZHANXIANJUYOUDEQIUTONGCUNYI、TILIANGBAORONGDELINIANFANGSHI,YOULIYUCUJINZONGJIAOGEFANGMIANGUANXIHEXIE;SANSHITONGYIZHANXIANJUYOUDEZUZHIWANGLUOHELIANXIGUANGFANDEYOUSHI,YOULIYUXINGCHENGGONGTONGZUOHAOZONGJIAOGONGZUODESHEHUIHUAJIZHI,SHIXIANZUIDAXIANDUDIBAXINJIAOQUNZHONGTUANJIEZAIDANGDEZHOUWEI。ZONGJIAOLILUNHEZONGJIAOGONGZUOZHONGDETONGZHANSIWEI,SHIWOGUOCHENGWEIQUANSHIJIECHULIZONGJIAOWENTIZUIWEICHENGGONGDEGUOJIADEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINHEJIBENJINGYAN,YEWEISHIJIETIGONGLECHULIHEJIEJUEGULAOERJISHOUDEZONGJIAOWENTIDEZHONGGUOFANGAN,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNDEYIGEZHONGYAOTEZHENGHEXIANZHUBIAOSHI。

DANGDESHIBADAHOU,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRULEXINSHIDAI。LIZU“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”MUBIAO,YONGTONGZHANSIWEIKANDAIZONGJIAOHEKAIZHANZONGJIAOGONGZUO,YONGTONGZHANSIWEIGOUJIANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLINIAN,YAOLUOJIAODAO“QING、LI、LI、WEN、FA”WUWEIYITIDEFANGFALUNSHANG。QING,JIUSHIYUZONGJIAOJIERENSHIJIAOPENGYOU,TONGGUOTAMENYINGXIANGHEYINLINGGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONG;LI,JIUSHIYAOJIJIGOUJIANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUN,YONGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNZHIDAOZONGJIAOGONGZUO,YINLINGZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEXINJIAOQUNZHONG;LI,JIUSHIGUANXINZONGJIAOJIEHEXINJIAOQUNZHONGDESHIJIKUNNAN,ZAIBANGZHUJIEJUEWENTIZHONGZENGJINGANQING;WEN,JIUSHIYISHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANHEZHONGHUAYOUXIUWENHUAXUNTAO、YINLINGHECUJINZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUA;FA,JIUSHIYAOJIAQIANGZONGJIAOYIFAGUANLI,TIGAOZONGJIAOJIERENSHIHEGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGSHOUFAZIJUEXING,TISHENGZONGJIAOGONGZUOFAZHIHUASHUIPING。“WUWEIYITI”FANYINGLEXIJINPINGGUANYUZONGJIAOWENTIHEZONGJIAOGONGZUODEZHANLVEGOUXIANG,TIXIANLERENXINYUWENHUA、JINGJIYUZHENGZHI、DEZHIYUFAZHIXIANGJIEHEDEBIANZHENGSIWEI,RONGHEXIETONGZHAN、JINGJITONGZHAN、FALITONGZHAN、WENHUATONGZHANYUYITI,ZHANGXIANCHUZHONGGUOTESE、ZHONGGUOQIPAIHEZHONGGUOZHIHUI。

极速快3彩票TONGZHANGONGZUOBUSHIQUANYIZHIJI,GENGBUZHISHIGONGJUHESHOUDUAN,TONGYIZHANXIANSHIJISUKUAI3CAIPIAODANGZHIGUOLIZHENGBIXUMIANDUIDEZHONGDAZHANLVEWENTI,SHIGUAN“ZUIDAZHENGZHI”。XINXINGSHIXIAZONGJIAOGONGZUOQIANSHEGEZHONGGUANXI,RENWUSHIFENFANZHONG,DALIANGJUTIGONGZUOXINGZHENGHUA、SHIWUHUAWUKEHOUFEI,DANBIXULAOJIHEGUANCHUANZHUXIANHELINGHUN——TONGZHANLINIANHEFANGFAYUQIZHONG。JIAQIANGHEGAIJINDANGDUIZONGJIAOGONGZUODELINGDAO,JIUSHIYAOLAOGUSHULITONGZHANLINIAN,TUCHUZHANLVEDIWEI,NARUQUANJUGONGZUO,GONGGUHEZHUANGDADANGTONGZONGJIAORENSHIDETONGYIZHANXIAN,ZUIDAXIANDUDIBAGUANGDAXINJIAOQUNZHONGTUANJIEZAIDANGDEZHOUWEI。XIJINPINGZAIZHONGYANGTONGZHANGONGZUOHUIYISHANGQIANGDIAO,YUESHIZUODANGWAIGONGZUOYUESHIYAOXINZHONGYOUDANG。TONGYANG,ZONGJIAOGONGZUOBIXUQIANGHUADANGDEYISHI、ZHENGZHIYISHI、DAJUYISHIHETONGZHANYISHI。DANGQIANZAIZONGJIAOGONGZUOJUTISHIWUZHONG,YAOLIJIEDANCHUNSHIWUHEXINGZHENGGONGZUODEQINGXIANG,NULIZUODAOXINGZHENGXING、SHIWUXINGYUZHENGZHIXING、TONGZHANXINGBINGJU,YUZHENGZHIXING、TONGZHANXINGYUXINGZHENGXING、SHIWUXINGGONGZUOZHONG,ZUODAOXIANGFUXIANGCHENG、XIANGDEYIZHANG。ZHEIYINGCHENGWEIXINSHIQIZONGJIAOGONGZUOHETONGZHANGONGZUODEGONGSHI,YESHIJINYIBUGOUJIAN、FENGFUHEFAZHANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZONGJIAOLILUNDEBIYOUZHILU。

[①]参见: 卓新平: 《用大统战的思维协调好与宗教关联的各种关系》,原载中国社会科学报,2016-04-26光明网-理论频道转载http: //theory.gmw.cn/2016-04/26/content_19859588.htm;卓新平: 《践行统战实践做好宗教工作》,中国民族报2017年08月15日第6版;蒲长春: 《以统战思维推进宗教工作》,中国民族报2017-08-15第6版;王冬丽白文汇: 《用统战思维看待宗教》,中国民族报2017-08-15第6版;张祎娜: 《以统战思维看待宗教问题之我见》,《中国民族报》2017年8月22日第6版;马萍: 《运用统战思维做好新形势下的湖北宗教工作》,中国民族报2017-08-22第6版;汪茂铸: 《运用统战思维指导和开展宗教工作的广州做法》,《中国民族报》2017年8月29日第6版;邱世勇: 《邢台: 用统战思维对待宗教工作》,《中国民族报》2017年8月29日第6版。

[②]宗教界爱国人士属于拥护社会主义的爱国者应没有疑义的。信教群众涉及面很广,可能涵盖劳动者、建设者和两个爱国者,很难界定;但大陆范围内的信教群众不管从事何种职业,都应拥护社会主义,爱国爱教、守法敬业,所以全部归类于拥护社会主义的爱国者应没有问题,这也体现了从广义上讲外环涵盖内环的同心圆法则(即习近平总书记讲的,只要把圆心固守住,包容的多样性半径越大,画出的同心圆就越大)。

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